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Is Assam famous for petroleum or coal?

Assam has abundant mineral resources coal, petroleum, limestone and natural gas are the principal mineral resources. It is also the largest producer of crude oil in India. Other minor minerals include magnetic quartzite, silimanites, iron, ore clay and fredspar etc. Oil India Limited (OIL) is the second largest hydrocarbon exploration and production Indian public sector company with its operational headquaters in Duliajan, Assam. India under the adminstrative control of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. Assam is a major producer of crude oil and natural gas in India. It was the second place in the world where petroleum was discovered. Asia's first sucessful mechanically drilled oil well was Makum (Assam) way back in 1867. The second oldest oil well in the world still produces crude oil. One of the biggest public sector oil companies in the country. Assam has four oil refineries located at Guwahati, Digboi, Numaligarh, and Bongaigoan with total capacity of 7 MMT

Pressure Transmitter Selection on Oil Industry

Important Role of Pressure Transmitters in the Oil & Gas Industry

The pressure is on to employ tough, dependable measurement instrumentation in the oil and gas industry's dynamic and volatile environment to keep operations running efficiently and safely. As oil exploration activities move deeper into distant places in search of new oil supplies, the equipment used in research, drilling, and production has gotten increasingly complicated, necessitating the usage of trustworthy and robust pressure sensors more than ever.

Wellheads, hydraulic fracturing, service vehicles, drilling equipment, mud systems, intelligent pigs, core analysis, compression systems, and vapour recovery units are all applications that need hazardous site pressure transmitters.

Millions of gallons of water, sand, and chemical additives are injected into the well during hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, to break apart rock and liberate gas and oil. High pressures of up to 10,000 psi are used to inject these compounds down and across horizontally bored wells as far as 10,000 feet below the surface. The pressured mixture cracks the rock layer. The sand particles or other viscous materials keep these fissures open, allowing gas and oil to flow up to the well.

Pressure transmitters are used in remote data monitoring vehicles like as fracturing pumps, blending units, cementing, wireline, and workover trucks to monitor pressure at various phases of the hydraulic fracturing process. Pump pressure measurement on mud logging units at drilling sites, switching control of the liquid going from tanks to the discharge hose on liquid additive trailers, and pressure measurement on mobile and fixed equipment control panels are some more well servicing applications. The control systems of cementing trucks, valve test benches, valve actuator panels, and chemical injection skids all rely heavily on pressure measurement.

Monitoring wellhead pressure in wellheads and Christmas trees necessitates the employment of durable and weather-resistant intrinsically safe or explosion-proof pressure transmitters. A well blowout could occur if the pressure is not contained during drilling operations by the column of drilling fluid, casings, wellhead, and blowout preventer.

Pressure transmitters are used in downhole drilling instruments to monitor hydraulic and pipeline oil pressure. This harsh environment frequently necessitates transmitters with extremely high pressure and temperature ranges.

In mud flow lines, pressure measurement is also vital. Vapory recovery machines, as well as salt water disposal systems and storage tanks, necessitate precise pressure measurement to ensure optimal control and monitoring, as well as to maximise recovered emissions and producer profit. Pressure transmitters used in vapour recovery control, salt water disposal control systems, tank vent monitoring systems, and shallow tank liquid level monitoring must have low pressure ranges and be inherently safe.

Intrinsically Safe Transmitters utilize less power than is required to set off an explosion within the stated hazardous area. Intrinsically Safe Transmitters cannot also store significant amounts of energy, which could cause an explosion. Many oil applications necessitate the use of Intrinsically Safe Sensors, which can be submerged in storage tanks or boreholes to monitor the level of potentially flammable liquids or in zones with potentially explosive atmospheres.

Under normal working settings, Non-Incendive Transmitters cannot generate enough thermal or electrical energy to ignite a volatile atmosphere; nevertheless, unlike their Intrinsically Safe equivalents, sufficient energy for ignition can be generated under fault situations.

Explosion-Proof Transmitters are designed to withstand a blast. They are not necessary designed to survive an external explosion, but rather to contain an internal explosion by preventing flames or hot gases from escaping from the transmitter housing and potentially triggering an explosion in the surrounding environment. Explosion-Proof Transmitters are useful for monitoring wellhead tubing and casing pressures. These sensors deliver consistently precise and reliable output, can withstand highly severe situations, and are built to last.

Hammer Union Transmitters are utilised in tough, viscous applications involving high shock and vibration, such as acidizing, choke and kill manifold, fracturing and cementing, mud logging and mud pumps, oil field & offshore, and well head measurement.
Operators in hazardous oil and gas operations cannot afford to rely on malfunctioning or incorrect pressure measuring devices. Choosing high-quality, long-lasting pressure transmitters can keep these systems functioning safely and smoothly, avoiding costly mishaps.


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